Robotic and Staggering Cats, a new neurological disease, not science fiction

Robotic cats may sound like a science fiction film, but they are not. They are real and perplexing, one of the newest enigmas to face veterinarians and scientists. Twenty one cats in Scotland have been found to have a slowly progressive neurological disease, causing them to walk with an odd gait with stiff, extended tails. It’s believed they aren’t alone, sharing similar symptoms to staggering cats found in Sweden and Austria.

Tests suggest that both the robotic cats and the staggering cats have a central nervous system infection, lymphohistiocytic meningoencephalomyelitis, which could be the cause for these strange symptoms.

Between 2001 and 2010, the 21 Scottish cats had been treated at Strathbogie Veterinary Centre, Huntly, and Morven Veterinary practice, Alford, both in North-East Scotland. A study of these cats was shared at a recent major veterinary convention in Scotland.

According to a SAGE press release, the study published in the current issue of Feline Medicine and Surgery (JFMS), the cats included in the study, and most of the cats with ‘staggering disease’, are rural free roaming cats accustomed to hunting birds and rodents. It believed that the disease or agent causing the disease is  transmitted from these animals to cats.

All the afflicted cats lived in the same geographical rural area. When the vets checked immune system markers they found a significant amount of the interferon-inducible Mx protein, a sign of an as-yet unidentified infective or environmental immunogenic trigger for the illness.

The authors conclude that the late onset age of this disease, its slow progression, peculiar clinical signs and the data from the tests suggest these cats were affected by the same unique, previously unreported condition.

The irony of this disease is that it affects older cats. The average age was nine. Most neurological diseases in cats happen when they are much younger. The most common cause of meningoencephalomyelitis in cats is feline coronavirus (FCoV), which mutates in some cats believed to be at least one of the causes of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Its frequency has been reported as 44 to 51 percent in cats with the coronavirus.  The incidence of FIP is highest in cats two months to two years of age.

What comes to pause is that these cats seemingly display some similar symptoms of the human diseases: multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. Another cause for pause is that here’s another example of a ‘new disease’. It seems as research leads to more treatments and eventual cures for diseases, another one crops up. What do you think?

 

 

 

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BJ

BJ Bangs is an established journalist, photographer, and an aspiring author. She loves everything about cats, including writing about them.

5 Responses

  1. Howdy! I really like your blog!! I will definitely return soon.

  2. Jim says:

    We lost a tuxedo cat, Starbuck, before he was 3 to FIP. Not a pleasant way to die. We were devastated.

    • BJ Bangs says:

      Jim:
      I also lost my Tubby, less than two years old, to FIP. It was like all of a sudden, he disappeared and hid, and two days later, he hardly could walk. I took him to a specialist and put him on steroids. He improved for a week or so, but then it was all downhill. It’s absolutely devastating. His brother who also came from the shelter is still doing fine, some four years later.

  3. Wow – who’d have thought? My very old poodle got canine dementia at 16. It was sad but also funny – she’d be in mid-step and she’d freeze. it was like she couldn’t remember where she was going, so she just stopped. and since she was blind, she couldn’t look around to figure it out. poor thing.

    • BJ Bangs says:

      Louise:

      At least she had a good mom who was taking good care of her. I can just picture her stopping not knowing where she was going. Some days, I feel like that…now what was I looking for??

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